The Hagia Sophia With the Rich Vastness of Art in Istanbul, City of the World’s Desire

The Hagia Sophia With the Rich Vastness of Art in Istanbul, City of the World’s Desire

Istanbul is a city that was and still is a vast zone of cultural, political, and economic importance. It’s geography helped it gain that importance with the Bosphorus strait which separates Europe and Asia. This city has a lot of importance with trade, with past empires, and for the vast amount of art that has been created in the city during the times of the Roman Empire, the Greek Byzantine Empire, and the Ottoman Empire which made way for the city to be dominated by Islam and at a lesser extent, Orthodox and even Catholic Christianity. Hagia Sophia is a representation that shows the historical cultural architectures and arts of the three religions that have dominated the city.

 

Hagia Sophia

The Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom) is an important place pertaining to art. This building was originally in 537 created by Anthemius of Tralles and Isidore of Miletus. It was the biggest place of Orthodox Christian worship in the Byzantine Empire which is how the building also represents Christian elements in the Hagia Sophia implemented by the Greeks. It also became a Catholic cathedral under the rule of the Latin Empire from 1204 to 1261 which became a mosque in 1453 because of Mehmed the Conqueror during Ottoman rule until it became a museum in 1935 and back to a mosque in 2020 under the Turkish Republic.

 

This mosque contains a lot of religious arts, Greek mosaics, murals everywhere in the style of an antique religious building, which is indeed magnificent. The Hagia Sophia for nearly 1500 years shows the footprint of Byzantine architecture and how history proceeded to take its course as the Islamic Ottomans and then the secular Turkish Republic went on to dominate the city of Istanbul, and all of the culture and arts crafted in this city. Not only the arts and crafts inside the building is beautiful, but the architecture in general was amazing. The builders and mathematicians created a pristine and divine dome structure by ambitiously placing the dome on a square building by using pendentives while also placing numerous small windows on the dome integrating the art filled walls with light, giving a heavenly feel to this beautiful piece of architecture.

 

 

 

  • Pendentive - The intersection of a dome with its supporting arches forms a curved triangle of vaulting.
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