Pablo Picasso’s Pioneering with Simple Shapes, Cubism

Pablo Picasso’s Pioneering with Simple Shapes, Cubism


 One of Pablo Picasso’s main creations was the art genre of Cubism. Cubism is a simple but at the same token complex style of art. This genre of visual arts put a lot of prominence on the multi-perspective style. Cubism is simply produced with geometric shapes all split up into different perspectives adding up to one product. This artwork is fascinatingly abstract but it seems simple when it comes down to the superficial aspects of the creation. This style of art was really radical at the time because it did not correlate with the reality and norms of western European art.



There were two main timespans of Cubism in it’s history. There was the first phase of timespan, Analytic Cubism, and the second timespan, Synthetic Cubism. The origin of mainstream Cubism began at Paris, France in 1907. Society was changing, society and moral standards was changing along with new technologies, new inventions, and more information.


The first important event of this movement’s beginnings was an unusual at the time painting created by Pablo Picasso. This painting was called, “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon” (picture below the text). This painting is the point of transition from traditional styles and perspectives of painting and was considered one of the first Cubist paintings. This painting consists of five naked women put together in flat, differently textured geometric planes without a central vanishing point. This piece of art was inspired by African and Iberian culture. This artwork was very radical and controversial because critics at the time state that the showing of female nudity and the irregularity of these nudities were directly insulting femininity, and even degrading it to the point of a mere gaze which was usually taboo in the culture, especially in art.

Cubism introduced a huge shift away from the principles of Western European paintings. This genre of art was also inspired by masks and using strangely designed masks to add an exotic and surreal feeling to art pieces. This came to be the case because African, Native American, Iberian, and Egyptian cultures, arts, and sculptures had great influences on Cubist art pieces.


Analytic Cubism

This style of Cubism mostly stressed on the utilization of simple shapes and planes that overlap to represent the separate parts of the piece into one image with many vaguely shaped parts which forced the viewer to be fascinated with the shape and spot many details combining into that one distorted image with just a few simply structured shapes that hardly added up. This overlapping of the shapes sometimes made images nearly unrecognizable. Analytical Cubist paintings are also known to use very few colors to place more emphasis on the shapes.

Synthetic Cubism

Synthetic Cubism became a common style of artwork that features simple forms, bright and bold  colors, and little to no depth, thanks to two well-known Cubist painters, Pablo Picasso, and George Braque. Collage art, in which actual objects are integrated into drawings, had also been born during this period.



Influence Cubism Has Today

Orphism in France,  Futurism in Italy, Vorticism in London, Suprematism and Constructivism in Russia, and finally, Expressionism in Germany all owe their origins to Cubism. As the movement's innovations were adopted, it faded away. The leading figures went beyond the cubist aesthetic. However, cubism's influence was carried on in their work and that of those after them.

 Cubism ushered in a paradigm change, and we now have a new way of seeing the world in the bits and shards of its works in the modern era. Many modern artists appear to be influenced by Cubism's stylistic and theoretical characteristics in their work. Cubism opened more possibilities in art and made art easier to express. Art in turn did become less romantic, but more freely creative in an expressive sense.

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