A Fascinating Look Into Surrealism

A Fascinating Look Into Surrealism

Boiled Beans was created by the artist SALVADOR DALI in (1904-1989). This piece of art was a premonition of the civil war in 1936.

Surrealism was a cultural and artistic wave that was landing immense ground in Europe particularly after the First World War in the late 1910’s and early 1920’s. This movement originated where WW1 was the deadliest in places like Belgium and France. Surrealism is a type of art style that shows things out of the ordinary, or giving displays in a weird, meaningless, and confusing manner that is separated from reality. Surrealism became this way because of the fact that the First Great War took many things from people, economically, family wise, and even more things. People used this art to separate themselves from the crushing reality of the war, which sparked the movement.

Surrealistic Art Piece

Important Figures of Surrealism

There were multiple important figures that led to increase this movement’s popularity and legitimacy across Europe who created large innovations in the subject of Surrealism.


Max Ernst: He used to be a German poet, sculptor, painter, and a graphic designer. He was an artist who changed the way surrealism was produced and created. He was determined in experimenting with the genre. This eventually led to his created of “frottage.”

Frottage is a surrealist way of creative art that is implemented by specific types of rubbing to create specific textures. He also used a surrealist method called “grattage”. Grattage consists of scraping fresh paint across the canvas usually, used to make the surface more dynamic.


André Breton: Breton is very big on literature,  and he used his skills of literature to strengthen the tide of surrealism. He was remembered as the cultural leader of the surrealist movement. He is famously known for being the author of the first “Surrealist Manifesto.”


René Magritte: Magritte was a Belgian surrealist artist. His artwork was the beginning backbone of surrealism. He produced numerous imagines that are displayed in out of the ordinary, and pieces that challenge the conscious perceptions of reality. That is what surrealism is.


Salvador Dalí: He was a Spanish surrealist praised for his precise artistic skill which he used to make detailed, and unreal images in his pieces. He has also done other artistic types of works such as graphic design, filming, sculpting, photography, and painting. He also done things based on literature like poetry, essays, fiction, etc. Many of his works were focused on dreams, nightmares, alternate realities created by the brain that wouldn’t make sense.

Image of Salvador Dalí

He used surrealism to awaken his subconscious mind. He was known to use the “paranoiac critical method” which means he would meditate the reach the point of hallucination which would help him create his surrealistic pieces of art. He is the embodiment of what surrealism is, and he was the most famous surrealist at one point.



 Juxtaposition is the combination or merging of unexpected objects or shapes to creative striking differences. This element in surrealism can create mixed feelings in the viewer’s mind as he/she sees the work of art such as laughter, confusion, horror, curiosity, and more. The purpose of this method of surrealism is to challenge the viewer’s train of thought in reality by combining objects or shapes that do not make sense. Also, the artist can make intentional changes to random, common objects to bring a sense of weirdness or strangeness to create a fake reality.


An Example of a Great Peace of Surrealism

Look at this piece of surrealism, what do you see? There is nothing really that makes sense once the picture strikes the eye, all there is are large clocks that seem to be melting in different places. There are settings where they are not supposed to be. For example, there is a small mountain range in the back of the photo and a dead tree on top of a desk. All of this doesn’t make sense. It challenges the reader to look hard and think about what could be happening the in picture. This all presents a different, interesting, and even meaningless alternate reality.





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